The author is a profe上海千花坊e-dean of the School

With the Office of the United States Trade Representative threatening to impose new tariff

s on $4 billion worth of European Union goods, the trade conflict between the US and the EU has inten上海千花坊品茶微信

sified. And if the US makes good the threat it issued on July 1, the additional tariffs would cover $25 billion of EU go

上海千花坊ods-in April the US had decided to impose additional tariffs on $21 billion of EU products. In addition, the US adm

inistration launched a Section 301 investigation against the digital service tax of France on July 10.

Washington’s move seems to have roots in the 15-year-old dispute over the su上海千花坊

sidies given to Boeing by the US and to Airbus by the EU. The US is using tariffs t

上海千花坊品茶微信o exert pressure on the EU to reduce subsidies to Airbus so Boeing can maintain its competitiveness in the global ma

rket and the jobs in the US plane manufacturing industry could be protected.

The US is wielding tariff as weapon also to increase its bargaining chips in the negotiations over “three zeros”-zero ta上海千花坊

riff, zero tariff barriers and zero subsidy-for non-auto industrial products.

Since the US and the EU have wide differences over auto and agri上海千花坊品茶微信

cultural products, the negotiations remain mired in uncertainty, although Washington com

pelled Brussels to continue the talks by threatening to impose fresh tariffs on EU goods in April.上海千花坊

As US President Donald Trump prepares to launch his re-election campaign, he is trying to mitigate US farmers’ sufferings, as the

votes from the agricultural belts helped him win the 2016 presidential election. The US administration has pro上海千花坊品茶微信

vided numerous subsidies for farmers to help offset their losses due to the US’ trade disputes with China, the EU and othe

r economies, but subsidies alone cannot solve the farmers’ problems. So Washington has put some EU agricu

ltural products on the tariff list in an effort to protect its agricultural products market.

However, the fact that the EU has agreed to resume negotiations on subsidies to the plane ma

nufacturing industry does not mean it will not take countermeasures if the US does impose mo

re tariffs on EU goods. In April, when the US levied additional tariffs on $21 billion of EU go

ods, Brussels responded by imposing tariffs on€20 billion ($22.43 billion) of US products.

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The reasons why a maj上海千花坊nt companie

 saw a drop in profit can be complicated. On one hand, last year’s tax crackdown and tightened regulatory policies in taxes have ce

rtainly struck some major players, costing them both time and money to pay the fine and restructure their上海千花坊

businesses,” said Chen Shaofeng, a professor in culture and entertainment at Peking University.

上海千花坊女神会所”On the other hand, China’s film box office market is heading toward saturation, which m

eans that the profit surge that many entertainment companies saw in the past is less likely to happen,” Chen added.

Data from the National Radio and Television Administration

showed box office revenue in the first half of 2019 in China stood at 31.17 billion yuan, down 2.7 per上海千花坊

cent year-on-year. Cinema visits dropped 10.3 percent year-on-year to 808 million visits within the same period.

Chen believes, though, the companies will bounce back.

上海千花坊女神会所”The industry is still likely to see a boom in the near future as there is more market pote

ntial to be tapped, such as film derivatives (toys and figure models), various genres of intellectual properties or t

rans-media storytelling (presenting the story with multiple platforms like films, TV shows, and games),” Chen said.上海千花坊

“Such approaches to IP development can be an effective way to generate more revenue for entertainment companies,” he added.

Wanda and Huayi said in their statements that losses were due上海千花坊女神会所

to a lack of projects premiering in the first half of the year. Most of Huayi’s film projects such

as The Eight Hundred directed by Guan Hu would premiere in the second half of 2019.

“It’s common that entertainment companies adjust their film distribution plans based on market de上海千花坊

mand, and choose to release their films during a certain period of time to maximize their profits,” Chen said.

“But it is certainly not the reason why a majority of entertainment

companies saw a drop in profit. Although it is common for entertainment companies to premie上海千花坊女神会所

re their major film projects in second-half seasons with peak demand, it is unlikely for most of them to do so at the same

time, as the first half of the year also has many peak movie-going seasons,” said Chen.

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More than half of the in上海千花坊tput in the first fiv

 months this year was from non-CISA members, whose clean capacity cannot be guaranteed, he emphasized.

Liu Bingjiang, head of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment’s air quality management department, said at the same fo上海千花坊品茶微信

rum that it is unfair for companies with high operational costs on environmental protection to compete und

上海千花坊er the same market conditions against those investing little into environmental protection.

The authorities will bring in industrial associations to tighten emissions assess

ment on steel producers when granting exemptions from production restrictions, he said.上海千花坊

Those with poor environmental protection records or that scheme to cheat the assessment will be severely punished, he said.

上海千花坊品茶微信Currently, China enforces steel production restrictions in key areas on days forecast to have heavy air pollution, and

roducers with ultra-low carbon emissions are allowed to have lower or no production cuts.

More than 60 steel producers in key areas, with a total crude steel capacity of 260 million上海千花坊

tons, have upgraded to meet ultra-low carbon emission standards, according to Liu.

上海千花坊品茶微信China expects 60 percent (340 million tons) of existing crude steel capacity in key areas

to be made with ultra-low carbon emissions by 2020, according to a ministry guideline released this year.

Li Xinchuang, president of the China Metallurgical Industry Planni

g and Research Institute, said that to achieve low-carbon emissions involves upgrades in上海千花坊

the whole process of steel production, and more attention should be paid to procedures such as raw materials tra

上海千花坊品茶微信nsportation and storage, which often generate emissions that are difficult to contain.

China’s oil and gas industry saw steady growth in 2018, with expansion reported in both pr上海千花坊

oven reserves and annual output, according to the Ministry of Natural Resources on Monday.

In 2018, national exploration of oil and gas saw a total investment of 63.66 billio

n yuan (about $9.26 billion), up 8.9 percent year on year, the ministry said in a report on its website.上海千花坊品茶微信

Investment in oil and gas exploitation rose 24.7 percent to reach 203.11 billion yuan, according to the ministry.

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Zhao, the professor, s上海千花坊eration, the rail line

 line will help Sichuan province build itself into an inland transportation hub within China

as well as a bridge that connects the country with South Asian countries including Nepal and India, wh上海千花坊

ich will greatly boost the economy in southwestern China with convenient transportation.”

The Sichuan-Tibet railway will be the second rail line connectin

上海千花坊女神会所g Tibet with the rest of the country. The 1,956-km Qinghai-Tibet Railway opened in

Military aircraft in development will be able to carry out air, land, sea attacks

China’s development of the FC-31, the country’s second steal

th fighter jet, is proceeding smoothly and on schedule, according to its chief designer.上海千花坊

Sun Cong, president of the Chinese Aeronautical Establishmen

上海千花坊女神会所t under Aviation Industry Corporation of China, said at a news conference on Thursday in Sh

enyang, Liaoning province, that people should be patient and wait for good news from the project.

“You will see its latest developments in due course, in the near future,” said Sun, who上海千花坊

is also the chief researcher at AVIC’s Shenyang Aircraft Design and Research Institute.

上海千花坊女神会所Sun’s comments indicated that China has never wavered in its attempts to develop and build a second series of stealth com

bat aircraft after the J-20 entered service with the People’s Liberation Army Air Force in 2017.

His remarks are likely to reassure anyone concerned about the fate of上海千花坊

FC-31 because of its virtual disappearance from public view over the past two years.

The twin-engine, radar-evading fighter jet was unveiled in October 2012 when a prototy上海千花坊女神会所

pe made its maiden flight, becoming China’s second 5th-generation fighter jet, following the J-20.

上海千花坊The FC-31 has a high survivability rate, a low radar signature, advanced electronic countermeasures, strong information gat

hering and handling capacity, outstanding situational awareness and beyond-visual-range combat capability.

In addition to air combat, it can also carry out strikes against land and sea targets, according to its designers.上海千花坊女神会所

The aircraft has a large weapons bay and can carry multiple external missiles.

According to AVIC specifications, the FC-31 has a maximum takeoff we

ight of 25 metric tons, a combat range of 1,200 kilometers and a top speed of Mach 1.8, or 2,上海千花坊女神会所

205 kilometers per hour. It can carry 8 tons of weapons and has a designed life span of up to 30 years.

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he local health commission has organized an expert pan

nel to review the entire process of diagnosis, and the panel agreed the cause of th

上海千花坊e death needs to be determined by autopsy. The autopsy result is expected to be delivered within 45 to 60 working days.

Chinese vaccine against the Hepatitis E Virus (HEV) has entered clinical trial in the United Sta

tes after two US volunteers were vaccinated on May 1 (local time), according to Xiamen University.上海千花坊品茶微信

The trial will be carried out in three phases. The phase 1 clinical trial is schedule

d to enroll 25 US volunteers, and Phase 2 and 3 FDA-approved trials of the vaccine are expected to be done in a third country.

The vaccine, sold under the trade name Hecolin, was initially developed by a research team from Xiamen University in East China’s Fujian province and then transferred to and commercialized by the Xiamen Innovax Biotech Co., Ltd.上海千花坊

Hecolin has been used in China since 2012 for the prevention of hepatitis E.

上海千花坊品茶微信It has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to enter a clinical trial in January.

It is the first time that FDA has given a green light to a Chinese vaccine to enter a clinical trial in the United States, accordin

g to Zhang Jun, deputy director of National Institute of Diagnostics and Vaccine Development in Infectious Diseases at Xiamen University.上海千花坊

According to Zhang, the trial was sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the

primary agency of the US government responsible for biomedical and public health research.上海千花坊品茶微信

Hepatitis E is a liver disease caused by HEV, which is transmitted mainly through contaminated drinking water and

food. Large outbreaks of the disease have been reported in at least 30 countries in Africa, Asia and North America.

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At the end of the conference, about representatives fro

om more tha上海千花坊品茶微信n 100 countries and 10 international organizations passed a joint agreement to promote research on frontier issues relat

ed to AI technologies and jointly explore effective strategies and practices to facilitate educational innovation.

At age 3, Yang was diagnosed with advanced rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune disorder

that causes chronic inflammation and pain in about 90 percent of his joints. However, he ne

ver let his disability dampen his desire to learn. “I may have pains in my body, but my mind is still clear and curious,” he sai

d. “I refuse to waste away on a sickbed. I want to learn and see the world and be a useful member of society.”

When he left school at 14, he mostly stayed indoors due to deformed joints and pain. His

family, an ordinary household, has devoted most of its time and savings to ease his suffering.

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called the Shanghai Cooperation Organization a succe

cessful example of the commitment of China and Russia to forging a new type of international relations and a good platform for such efforts.

China will work with Russia and other SCO member states to enhance unity, mutual trust and c

ooperation in various areas so that the organization will add more stability and positive energy to the wo

rld and contribute to the building of a community with a shared future for mankind, he said.

Xi said the Iran nuclear deal, as the embodiment of multilateralism, is crucial for internat

ional nuclear nonproliferation and for peace and stability in the Middle East.

“China and Russia will stay in close coordination to push for positive develo

pments while upholding the authority of the UN, peace and security in the world, and the c

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Nobel laureate Mo Yan and a dozen winners of the presti

gious Luxun and Maodun literature prizes, including Ge Fei, A Lai and Su Tong, together

with a group of renowned Shanxi writers and poets gathered that week to discuss literary depictions of the countryside.

The village has a literary tradition which dates back to the mid-20th century, when a new Chin

ese modern literary genre shanyaodan, a nickname for a potato that’s popular in North China, emerged.

Authors who follow the shanyaodan school of writing such as Zhao Shuli, Ma Feng and Xi

Rong were all living in the Shanxi countryside, where their work centered around rural life there.

Many of Ma’s works in particular were written in Jiajiazhuang, where he witnessed the changes to the village broug

ht about by the agricultural cooperatives during the 1950s after moving to work in Fenyang.

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Over the years, e-buses have been accounting for an

 increasing ratio of city buses. In 2017, China’s overall e-bus retention rate reached 35.9 percent, and every three buses included an e-bus

, according to a report released by the consulting company under the China Center for Information Industry Development.

Wu Chuxiao, senior analyst at the Automobile Industry Research Center under CC

ID Consulting, said: “Currently, China’s NEV industry has the condition and foundation for large-scale promotion and application in terms of politics, eco

nomy, society and technology. However, limited by techniques, cost, infrastructure and public awareness, it sti

ll takes a certain amount of time to replace traditional vehicles with NEVs on a large scale.”

“Nevertheless, e-buses, as an essential part of the urban transportation network, have fixed

operation routes and distance, exclusive parking lots with charging facilities, as well as public fin

ancial subsidies. Chances are that China will take a lead in the further development of electric buses,” said Wu.

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rche which, under threat from Marine le Pen’s National

has taken a tougher line on protection of agriculture. France, for example, is opposed to including agriculture in transatlantic trade talks.

The Greens are one of the big winners in the elections (even beating Germ

any’s Social democrats into second place), and they will seek to impose strict conditions reg

arding climate change, the environment and human rights on future trade deals. This attitude will also make it dif

ficult to agree a new trade deal with the US, as it has not endorsed the 2015 Paris climate agreement.

Although the nationalist and populist parties now have more seats, it does not mean they will form a united front in the EP. Th

ere are divisions on trade, on the environment and on dealing with China. Some of these parties, such as the Na

tional Front, are seen as firm opponents of free trade, whereas Alternative for Germany and Matteo Sal

vini’s Lega Nord in Italy tend to be more supportive (depending on the content of the trade agreement).

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